PIXOR: Real-time 3D Object Detection from Point Clouds

    Abstract

    We address the problem of real-time 3D object detection from point clouds in the context of autonomous driving. Speed is critical as detection is a necessary component for safety. Existing approaches are, however, expensive in computation due to high dimensionality of point clouds. We utilize the 3D data more efficiently by representing the scene from the Bird’s Eye View (BEV), and propose PIXOR, a proposal-free, single-stage detector that outputs oriented 3D object estimates decoded from pixel-wise neural network predictions. The input representation, network architecture, and model optimization are specially designed to balance high accuracy and real-time efficiency. We validate PIXOR on two datasets: the KITTI BEV object detection benchmark, and a large-scale 3D vehicle detection benchmark. In both datasets we show that the proposed detector surpasses other state-of-the-art methods notably in terms of Average Precision (AP), while still runs at 10 FPS.

    Authors

    Bin Yang, Wenjie Luo, Raquel Urtasun

    Conference

    CVPR

    Full Paper

    ‘PIXOR: Real-time 3D Object Detection from Point Clouds’ (PDF)

    Uber ATG

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    Bin Yang is a research scientist at Uber ATG Toronto. He's also a PhD student at University of Toronto, supervised by Prof. Raquel Urtasun. His research interest lies in computer vision and deep learning, with a focus on 3D perception in autonomous driving scenario.
    Wenjie Luo
    Wenjie is a senior research scientist, founding member of the Uber ATG R&D team. His research interests include computer vision and machine learning, and his work spans the full autonomy stack including perception, prediction and planning. Previously, he did master in TTI-Chicago and continued to the PhD program in University of Toronto, both under Prof. Raquel Urtasun. He also spent some time at Apple SPG prior to join Uber.
    Raquel Urtasun
    Raquel Urtasun is the Chief Scientist for Uber ATG and the Head of Uber ATG Toronto. She is also a Professor at the University of Toronto, a Canada Research Chair in Machine Learning and Computer Vision and a co-founder of the Vector Institute for AI. She is a recipient of an NSERC EWR Steacie Award, an NVIDIA Pioneers of AI Award, a Ministry of Education and Innovation Early Researcher Award, three Google Faculty Research Awards, an Amazon Faculty Research Award, a Connaught New Researcher Award, a Fallona Family Research Award and two Best Paper Runner up Prize awarded CVPR in 2013 and 2017. She was also named Chatelaine 2018 Woman of the year, and 2018 Toronto’s top influencers by Adweek magazine